In connection with this kind of social regionalism, there has also been a socio-scientific discussion which seeks criteria for a more radical democratic community development. Among the arguments which are examined are ethnic affiliations, confinement to localities, and local historical or cultural identification. These are all arguments which the life-region approach is pleased to accept, since they are conceptually close to it. On the other hand it may be claimed that the life-region involves a distinct theoretical deepening of the discussion and therefore, in the long run, contains powerful arguments for lasting policy reforms.
When the life-region looks for kindred notions, it turns as much to initiatives in quite different areas of competence. These include the communitarian tradition, both in its modern and its classic 18th century version. Here are to be found popular mobilization movements, grass-roots and alternative thinkers, which have long since represented a civil democratic initiative throughout the world. The movement for collective habitation and its research complement, the folk cultural tradition, the initiative for IT in participatory development, for humanitarian care and for an ecological public health, are other examples of the expanding flora.
All these represent currents of our time which are trying to reconstruct a social and humanitarian alternative which has been more or less lost to sight in post-modern society.
Culture and Sustainable Development
Many of them derive their inspiration from the living sphere which is usually referred to as the civil society. The study has led to a proposal for basic criteria for a socio-ecological planning practice. This means that planning is effected from inside the living civil community and serves the interests of a local or regional population. Self-reliant safeguarding of the steering mechanisms of the vital processes is a basic law in most living systems, and does not exclude awareness of the demands for coexistence with other species or population groups in the ecological space.
It should be noted, however, that the vital core of the control system rests within the single organism and depends on its ecological consciousness. All this is bioscientific basics whis remains appplicable also to the advanced level of human existence. Ecological life is realized, with man as everywhere in the biocommunity, through the dynamic interplay of a local population with its surrounding environment, that is between a living-centre and a resource periphery.
In the tension between the inner and outer poles socio-ecological existence unfolds in its rich and improvised diversity. It is a prerequisite for a properly functioning life-system that the individual can maintain an overview of his elementary species and resource environment. This principle is realized at the human level through collective efforts to arrange the community functions within a unitary spatial frame.
In this way a community on a human scale arises which remains visible to every single citizen and is accessible to human identification. Such a transparent living system can rightfully be termed an ecological habitat of man. It is the achievement of the qualitative goals which makes life meaningful and valuable in the ecological communty. The second restriction is dictated by the spatial dimension, as realized under the conditions of planetary gravitation and local topography.
The third restriction relates to the temporal dimension regarded as a sphere of ecological interaction. The perspective 17 All these dimensional restrictions raise specific demands on the social organization in order to be suitably explored and combined. One consequence of their impact is the division of the ecological community plan into a micro and a macro level. The macroplan covers the territory of the encompassing world, which man can personally only experience occasionally and in fragment.
The crux is at the same time to mark out both sub-identities and then to combine them within a single modelsynthesis, which reflects the basic constitutive unity of man. The ecological life-region is a proposal for a solution to this evolutionary dilemma. Let us now turn to the more hands-on issues. In the actual bok this is only a limited discussion within the paradigmatic transformation which is on the horizon.
The book is the result of a devoted effort by a research network within the proximal action field of its home university. Parallel with a strong wish for solid local grounding there has been a persistent striving to transsfer data to a universal level of understanding and knowledge. In this chapter we are presenting a summary of the conference contributions, thematically arranged.
But first we shall give a short presentation of the project proceedings.
Ideas regarding development are best formulated at a certain distance from the sphere of influence of daily politics. But, in order to avoid ending up in league with Utopians, before to long they must be confronted with the reality they try to capture.
Considering the comprehensive scope of the socio-ecological model the experimental situation had to comprise quite a large and The life region 18 complex field of study, preferably a whole regional community with its institutions, citizens and territory. Contact was made with municipal representatives in the region and with leading county authorities.
In connection with the various studies civil and grass-roots groups and several centres of competence in the county were also consulted. The realization of the project had to take place in several stages focusing on selected subjects. Three part-projects were subsequently constructed around the themes of territorial planning, cultural policy and social development.
In order to inspire the regional participants, special interest was taken in the practical applicability within the county. It remained clearly and purely an experiment in the application of theoretical models in order to test their viability. The study results were compiled in short papers for later presentation. The conferences were held in two of the particpating municipalities in the county, and were realized with the assistance of their authorities. Their expertise covered a broad range of humanitarian competence in the field.
Values in Sustainable Development: 1st Edition (Hardback) - Routledge
The lectures given at the conferences were of special significance for elucidating the endogenous development theme, and were met with considerable interest by the regional audience. The formulation of a common policy declaration however never came about and was never intended. This is said here in order to underline the intellectual openness which characterized the discussions.
A selection of these papers and studies is presented in this book, which thus basically constitutes a project report. The contributions are complemented by an editorial postscript, in which the economic and scientific aspects of the socio-ecological approach have also been thematized. In spite of the somewhat fragmented disposition of the book, which was a result of unforeseeable circumstances, it is easy to see what unites the many contributions: it is the committed attempt to re-establish, in political practice, humanitarian forms of existence, since these constitute an indispensable—but today seriously threatened—capital for a civilized society.
In this way the following is also a contribution towards the movement for sustainable social development and towards a strategy to meet the looming global paradigm. Holistic planning is a key topic of endogenous developmental thinking. For this reason the territorial community plan occupies a central position in the discussions on regional organization. Spatial planning is the sovereign implement for uniting disparate functions into a coherent whole in the region; at the same time, through its physical form, the plan makes this wholeness visible.
This is why spatial planning has been allotted a prominent position in the university project, and it also accounts for the theme being treated first in the introductory section of this book. As a prelude to discussing endogenous regional planning, it seemed appropriate considering the location of the actual project to take a panorama of the work of the European integration and its regional effects in the various parts of the continent. An upto-date overview of regionalist tendencies in contemporary Europe was also of interest, and Professor Walter B. All through the s, W.
One vital reason for this is the one-sided economic focus of the integration process. The social opposition often has a clear regional profile and has given rise to regional separatist movements. In this way, unexpectedly, socio-cultural and regionalist attitudes have become determinants of the discussion concerning the integrated Europe of the future.
In his article W. Strategies of this kind are of great value in regions, especially peripheral ones, under the threat of crisis. He also points to the great synergistic effects which regional holistic thinking can produce even on the economic plane. He particularly refers to the importance of introducing intra-regional feedback mechanisms for the preservation of a viable regional structure.
Through these mechanisms, the threat of structural disintegration frequently posed to the region by external large-scale start-ups can be more easily averted. The analyses reveal how an endogenous and socio-territorial approach forces itself upon us in the process of social transformation, regardless of the grandiose views which politicians and state administrators may possibly see before them. In actual fact, the more the social deep dimension is neglected, the more provocative forms the reactions apparently assume.
In a discussion of endogenous regional development, however, territoriality has to be credited with decisive importance. As stated earlier, a holistic view of individual and collective existence is fundamental to endogenous thinking.
hukusyuu.com/profile/2020-09-01/spy-app-fuer-eltern.php The The life region 20 territorial plane forms the unifying holistic frame in which the elementary living processes are held together. Professor Torsten Malmberg, human ecologist and ethologist from Lund, is a leading researcher into the territoriality of man and the other species. In his essay Region, Territory and Identity he describes modern ethological and ecological territorial research and outlines its importance for a radical study of society.
Malmberg begins by making clear the central position of territorial behaviour in human nature. That position is founded on the role played in life processes by the interaction between man and his environment. Simple perception analysis is not enough to explain its manifestations. One elementary instinct in man, as in many other species, is the bid to identify with a selected point in space, with a habitat.
Emotive reactions such as local patriotism and home sickness originate presumably from this instinct.
- Environment and Sustainable Development.
- Role of economics in analyzing the environment and sustainable development | PNAS.
- Next Generation Wireless Communications Using Radio over Fiber.
- Atlan 79: Wo die Götter leben (Heftroman): Atlan-Zyklus Im Auftrag der Menschheit (Atlan classics Heftroman) (German Edition);
- Teach Like a Techie.
But man also makes specifiable demands on the socio-territorial organization of the habitat, demands which should be taken into account in careful community planning for human needs. Carrying on from Mumford, he points to the great merits of the provincial region as a human habitat. The primary field of action for endogenous planning is the proximal life-space, what we have designated the local community. And its genuine creators are not abstract planning agencies but the local collective.
The ideal self-sufficient community takes shape through collective action and is manifested most clearly through its holistic architectural form. This is one reason why the long succession of local and civic community experiments in the past few decades is so interesting to study in the present context. They represent a kind of endogenous thinking which every community should apply if it intends to introduce human ecological planning in earnest.
At the same time they represent the living flame of the endogenous planning process, a flame which will also have to be kept burning in future, perhaps more large-scale phases. In the following paper in this book, entitled The Forces of the Social Life-Space, social and architectural critic Gunilla Lundahl provides an overview of recent examples of civic initiatives in the planning of the local environment.
She herself has taken part in several mobilization projects and research assignments, and can quote from a broad personal experience.